Short Bio:. Nikki Davenport, a professional astrologer for 30 years, is practicing and teaching in St. Nikki belongs to the Astrological Association of St. Birth Data:. Consulting Services:.
Did Your Horoscope Predict This?
Nikki writes for ZodiacArts Seasonal Digest which is published 4 times a year. Upcoming Lectures:. What if throughout astrological writings we meet little appreciation of coherence, blatant insensitivity to evidence, no sense of a hierarchy of reasons, slight command over the contextual force of critieria, stubborn unwillingness to pursue an argument where it leads, stark naivete concerning the effiacacy of explanation and so on?
In that case, I think, we are perfectly justified in rejecting astrology as irrational. Astrology simply fails to meet the multifarious demands of legitimate reasoning. Astrology has not demonstrated its effectiveness in controlled studies and has no scientific validity.
In , the astrologer and psychologist Michel Gauquelin stated that though he had failed to find evidence that supported indicators like zodiacal signs and planetary aspects in astrology, he did find positive correlations between the diurnal positions of some planets and success in professions that astrology traditionally associates with those planets. Geoffrey Dean has suggested that the effect may be caused by self-reporting of birth dates by parents rather than any issue with the study by Gauquelin. The suggestion is that a small subset of the parents may have had changed birth times to be consistent with better astrological charts for a related profession.
The number of births under astrologically undesirable conditions was also lower, indicating that parents choose dates and times to suit their beliefs. The sample group was taken from a time where belief in astrology was more common. Gauquelin had failed to find the Mars effect in more recent populations, where a nurse or doctor recorded the birth information.
Dean, a scientist and former astrologer, and psychologist Ivan Kelly conducted a large scale scientific test that involved more than one hundred cognitive , behavioural , physical , and other variables—but found no support for astrology. Ten of the tests—which involved participants—had the astrologers pick the correct chart interpretation out of a number of others that were not the astrologically correct chart interpretation usually three to five others.
When date and other obvious clues were removed, no significant results suggested there was any preferred chart. Testing the validity of astrology can be difficult, because there is no consensus amongst astrologers as to what astrology is or what it can predict. Many astrologers claim that astrology is scientific,  while some have proposed conventional causal agents such as electromagnetism and gravity. Western astrology has taken the earth's axial precession also called precession of the equinoxes into account since Ptolemy's Almagest , so the "first point of Aries", the start of the astrological year, continually moves against the background of the stars.
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Astrologers usually have only a small knowledge of astronomy, and often do not take into account basic principles—such as the precession of the equinoxes, which changes the position of the sun with time. Charpak and Broch noted that, "There is a difference of about twenty-two thousand miles between Earth's location on any specific date in two successive years", and that thus they should not be under the same influence according to astrology. Over a year period there would be a difference greater than , miles. In the West, political leaders have sometimes consulted astrologers.
For example, the British intelligence agency MI5 employed Louis de Wohl as an astrologer after claims surfaced that Adolf Hitler used astrology to time his actions. The War Office was " However, Quigley's role ended in when it became public through the memoirs of former chief of staff, Donald Regan. There was a boom in interest in astrology in the late s. The sociologist Marcello Truzzi described three levels of involvement of "Astrology-believers" to account for its revived popularity in the face of scientific discrediting. He found that most astrology-believers did not claim it was a scientific explanation with predictive power.
Instead, those superficially involved, knowing "next to nothing" about astrology's 'mechanics', read newspaper astrology columns, and could benefit from "tension-management of anxieties" and "a cognitive belief-system that transcends science. They were much younger than those at the first level, and could benefit from knowledge of the language of astrology and the resulting ability to belong to a coherent and exclusive group.
Those at the third level were highly involved and usually cast horoscopes for themselves. Astrology provided this small minority of astrology-believers with a " meaningful view of their universe and [gave] them an understanding of their place in it. In , the sociologist Theodor W.
Adorno conducted a study of the astrology column of a Los Angeles newspaper as part of a project examining mass culture in capitalist society. The comparable percentage has not been this low since In India, there is a long-established and widespread belief in astrology. It is commonly used for daily life, particularly in matters concerning marriage and career, and makes extensive use of electional , horary and karmic astrology.
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On February , the Bombay High Court reaffirmed astrology's standing in India when it dismissed a case that challenged its status as a science. In Japan , strong belief in astrology has led to dramatic changes in the fertility rate and the number of abortions in the years of Fire Horse. Adherents believe that women born in hinoeuma years are unmarriageable and bring bad luck to their father or husband. In the fifteenth century, references to astrology, such as with similes , became "a matter of course" in English literature. In the sixteenth century, John Lyly's play, The Woman in the Moon , is wholly motivated by astrology,  while Christopher Marlowe makes astrological references in his plays Doctor Faustus and Tamburlaine both c.
In seventeenth century Spain, Lope de Vega , with a detailed knowledge of astronomy, wrote plays that ridicule astrology. In his pastoral romance La Arcadia , it leads to absurdity; in his novela Guzman el Bravo , he concludes that the stars were made for man, not man for the stars. The most famous piece of music influenced by astrology is the orchestral suite The Planets. Written by the British composer Gustav Holst — , and first performed in , the framework of The Planets is based upon the astrological symbolism of the planets.
The composer Colin Matthews wrote an eighth movement entitled Pluto, the Renewer , first performed in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with astronomy , the scientific study of celestial objects. Pseudoscience claiming celestial objects influence human affairs. Main articles. Death and culture Parapsychology Scientific literacy. Main article: History of astrology. See also: Babylonian astrology. Main article: Hellenistic astrology. Main article: Hindu astrology. Main article: Astrology in medieval Islam. See also: Christian views on astrology.
Further information: Chinese zodiac. See also: Christian views on astrology , Jewish views on astrology , and Muslim views on astrology. Main article: Astrology and science. James  : Mars, the Bringer of War. Venus, the Bringer of Peace. Mercury, the Winged Messenger. Jupiter, the Bringer of Jollity. Uranus, the Magician. Oxford Dictionary of English. Oxford University Press.
Retrieved 11 December Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Merriam-Webster Inc. The Blackwell Dictionary of Western Philosophy. Mesopotamian astrology: an introduction to Babylonian and Assyrian celestial divination. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press. Foreword, The cosmic perspective 4th ed. Biswas, D.
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Mallik, C. Bappu 1. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. Asquith, ed. Dordrecht: Reidel. National Science Foundation. Archived from the original on 1 February Retrieved 2 August About three-fourths of Americans hold at least one pseudoscientific belief; i.
Bibcode : Natur. Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union. Bibcode : IAUS.. Pingree; Robert Andrew Gilbert. Retrieved 7 October Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved 6 July Astronomical Society of the Pacific. May Personality and Individual Differences. To optimise the chances of finding even remote relationships between date of birth and individual differences in personality and intelligence we further applied two different strategies.
The first one was based on the common chronological concept of time e. The second strategy was based on the pseudo-scientific concept of astrology e. Sun Signs, The Elements, and astrological gender , as discussed in the book Astrology: Science or superstition? Online Etymology Dictionary.
Retrieved 6 December Differentiation between astrology and astronomy began late s and by 17c. Oxford English Dictionary Second ed. September In Old French and Middle English astronomie seems to be the earlier and general word, astrologie having been subseq. Not in Shakespeare. History of western astrology. Volume II, The medieval and modern worlds first ed. Moyer Bell. The Homeric hymns and Homerica Reprinted ed.
Cambridge, Mass. Fifty days after the solstice, when the season of wearisome heat is come to an end, is the right time to go sailing. Kelley, Eugene F. Milone Exploring ancient skies an encyclopedic survey of archaeoastronomy Online ed. New York: Springer. Department of Hebrew, Biblical and Jewish Studies.
University of Sydney. Also quoted in A. Paris, Journal of the American Oriental Society. The Chinese sky during the Han: constellating stars and society. Leiden: Brill. Bibcode : csdh. Lament, Death, and Destiny.
Peter Lang. Ramsay, , retrieved 5 July Gonda Ed. The chronology of ancient nations. London, Pub. Allen and co. Essays on the History of Western Astrology. Horoscopes and history. Warburg Institute. January Dante's interest in astrology has only slowly been gaining the attention it deserves. Like Palgen, he [Kay] argues again, in more detail that Dante adapted traditional astrological views to his own Christian ones; he finds this process intensified in the upper heavens.
It can hardly be doubted, I think, that Dante was thinking in astrological terms when he made his prophecies. I, lOOff. L, 82, col. However, the love life and money may be just fine overall. You may find this is a time to play it safe and conservatively in the occupation, just to be safe. As March progresses, you may find that old wounds are triggered, and that people or situations from the past come back up to be addressed. The work irritations may have dissipated, becoming replaced with optimism due to the long term potential you are in a position to develop.
Through the whole month, compassionate and tactful communication may be the overall theme. Taurus Approx. April 21st to approx. May 21st : Moving forward with extra energy may be how March starts, especially when it comes to the workplace, so it would be wise to allow extra time and energy for opportunities there. You may also find that your emotions and intimate life is going along smoothly, too.
As March moves forward, you may notice that more of the same continues, but there may be challenges having to do with money and intimate relationships. A lot of this is happening simply to clear things out and to prepare for where you can build, next. This Mercury retrograde may be one of emotional and spiritual natures in general. Gemini Approx. May 21st to Summer Solstice : Dealing with emotions and spirituality may be two major themes for the first half of March, so you may find the Mercury retrograde triggers any wounds that exist there and brings them to your awareness to address and heal.
You may also find it wise to be careful with your travel, and to spend money conservatively. As March progresses, you may find good things come your way through your friendships, and that this may manifest as money or intimate connections. You may also find that while the emotional and spiritual wounds are still there, they are not as intense as they were, and you can see the light at the end of the tunnel.
Cancer Summer Solstice to approx. July 21st : Tension in the workplace, tension having to do with the overall direction of life, and tension having to do with your emotions all may be the major themes of the beginning of March, so it would be wise to be cautious when dealing with any or all of those. However, you may find your intuition is stronger than normal, and that with a lot of forgiveness, compassion, and tenderness, you can achieve a lot of healing.
As we get closer to Spring Equinox though, you may find that a lot of the emotional tension dissipates, but the tension is still there in the occupation. You may also find that now there is more of an emphasis having to do with wounds and the healing process. This may not be spiritual in nature though, as the stars are calling for changed behavior. Leo Approx. July 21st to approx. You may also find it wise to watch your spending when you are with friends, and to be careful with their emotions.
However, this is also a great time to make the necessary changes to financial investments you may have, and travel might be the remedy the doctor ordered. You may also find that it is now time to address any healing you have been intending to make. Virgo Approx. August 21st to Autumnal Equinox : While the workplace and overall direction of life may be moving along rather nicely, and there is optimism in the air, you may also find that emotional and spiritual wounds and tension may be present, so it would be wise to remain cool and detached in order to juggle these.
It would also be wise to continue to play things conservatively when it comes to your investments and travel.